Safe Tanning Tips

tannnigNow that summer is upon us (no honest – it REALLY is here in the UK, the rain is getting warmer !!) it’s seems a good time to remind ourselves about safe tanning.  If you’re unfortunate like I am and one of those people who seem to burn if you’re out for more than half an hour or so in the sun, then hopefully, you’ll find this guide a useful reminder of how to enjoy the sun safely.

Specifically, who needs to take care, what the risks are, sun protection factors and the all important what to do when things go wrong………..

So pay attention girls – here comes the “sciencey bit” !!!  Also – its a bit of a long one today – so you might want to settle in with a nice cuppa and a biscuit (or two)

 

 

 

 

What is a Tan ?

Did you know that a tan is actually a sign the skin has been damaged and is trying to protect itself ? You’d be surprised to know that if you did, you’re in good company, nearly two thirds of the ladies in my Facebook group thought the exact opposite !!! Mist commonly quoting “You look a lot healthier with a tan – it gives you a healthy glow and makes you feel better about yourself”.  The truth is a little different though !!!  The dark pigment that gives the skin its natural colour is a substance called melanin which is manufactured in the skin by pigment cells called melanocytes.  After our skin has been exposed to sunlight the melanocytes produce more melanin in attempt to absorb further UV radiation, and so the skin becomes darker.

Why should you be careful?

Summer’s great isn’t it ? Holidays, days out at the beach, picnics and barbecues.  Let’s be honest, nobody wants to spend summer indoors !!!  And, some sunshine, below sunburn level, can be good for us.  It helps the body to create vitamin D and giving many of us a feeling of general wellbeing as we enjoy outdoor summer activities.  The problem is of course when we over do our exposure which can lead to a range of skin problems.  Everyone is aware of the most serious of problems (the dreaded C word) of course, but there are a whole range of other issues including sunburn, photosensitive rashes and prickly heat. Over exposure can also worsen existing conditions like rosacea.

As I mentioned before, a number of my friends associate a tan with looking healthy.  But, the truth is that a tan is actually a sign our skin has been harmed by UV radiation and is trying to defend itself against further damage. This kind of damage can in turn increase your risk of developing skin cancer.  Its estimated that over 100,000 new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed annually in the UK, and while the disease can also occur on parts of the body not exposed to sunlight, extensive sun exposure is thought to be responsible for the vast majority of cases. In more than four out of five these cases skin cancer is a preventable disease.

UVA and UVB radiation (Deep breath, its another sciencey bit)

UV radiation from the sun is transmitted in three forms, which are differentiated by their wavelengths.  Their names are UVA, UVB and UVC.  Fortunately, because UVC doesn’t penetrate the atmosphere, we only really need to protect against UVA and UVB.  UVA irradiation is most commonly associated with skin ageing. This is because it affects the elastin in the skin, leading to wrinkles, leathery skin and brown pigmentation.  UVA is capable of penetrating window glass and penetrates the skin more deeply than UVB.  UVA protection in a sunscreen will help defend the skin against photo ageing. and potentially skin cancer.

UVB on the other hand, is mostly responsible for sunburn and has strong links to malignant melanoma and basal cell carcinoma risk (types of skin cancer).  A sunscreen with a high SPF (sun protection factor) will help block UVB rays and prevent the skin from burning, and by association, any damage that can lead to skin cancer.

So, tell me about SPF – what’s that about ?

Sunscreens here in the UK are labelled with an ‘SPF’ rating, which stands for ‘sun protection factor’ and is usually followed by a number.  SPF is a measure of the level of protection against UVB, not the protection against UVA.   Because of this, you’ll sometimes hear people refer to it as the “Sun burn protection factor”.  SPFs are rated on a scale of 2-50+ based on the level of protection they offer, with ratings between 2 to 14 forming the least protected end of the spectrum and ratings of 50+ offering the strongest forms of UVB protection. Most dermatologists I spoke to when I was researching this article recommended going for an SPF of at least 30, with some going as high as 50 if you have fair skin.

As well as the SPF number, Most sunscreens I saw while browsing in Boots had the following table on them.  You should also check that your chosen sun protection is photostable. ‘Photostability’ means that the filters do not break down in the sun.

New Label SPF
Low protection 6   to 14   (i.e. SPF 6 and 10)
Medium protection 15 to 29   (i.e. SPF 15, 20 and 25)
High protection 30 to 50   (i.e. SPF 30 and 50)
Very high protection 50 +         (i.e. SPF 50+)

 

 

 

 

 

I see some foundation and moisturisers now have SPF ratings – is that the same ?

SPF used in moisturisers are tested the same way as sunscreens, so an SPF 15 moisturiser should provide an SPF of 15. However, these formulas are less likely to be rub-resistant and water resistant, and most importantly are likely to be applied a lot more thinly than sunscreen. They therefore are unlikely to offer the same level of protection.

A moisturiser with an SPF will help protect you against small amounts of UV exposure, such as when you walk to the car or pop outside to hang out the washing, but sunscreen is better suited for longer, more deliberate UV exposure, such as spending your lunch hour outside.

It is also worth noting that moisturisers containing an SPF may not contain any UVA protection and as a result will not protect against UV ageing.

How should I apply sunscreen?

Think its easy ?  Surprisingly not !!! a number of studies have found that people apply less than half of the amount required to provide the level of protection indicated on the packaging. While you might guess that tricky to reach areas such as the back would be missed, most people also miss the sides of their neck, temples and even ears !!! Like the Australian motto says “Slip, Slap, Slop” says – don’t be shy, apply it generously !!!!

Nowadays there is a vast range of different product types available, including lotions, mousses, sprays and gels. Because of this variation, it is not possible to give a set amount that you should apply that is the same for all products. Individual manufacturers can provide further details specific to the application of their particular sunscreens. When using lotions, as the bare minimum you should to apply at least six full teaspoons (approximately 36 grams) to cover the body of an average adult, which is more than half a teaspoon of sunscreen to each arm and the face/neck (including ears), and just over one teaspoon to each leg, front of body and back of body. This is the amount used when products are tested for their SPF (it equates to 2 mg /cm²). Applying less will reduce the protection to a higher degree than is proportionate – for example, only applying half the required amount can actually reduce the protection by as much as two-thirds. The overall message in terms of sunscreen use is “more is better.” It is also easy to forget to reapply sunscreen as often as necessary. Apply sunscreen 15 to 30 minutes before going out in the sun to allow it to dry, and then again shortly after heading outdoors to cover any missed patches and to make sure you’re wearing a sufficient layer. Reapply it at least every 2 hours, and immediately after swimming, perspiring and towel drying or if it has rubbed off.

Skin types

Any article about tanning wouldn’t be complete without talking a little about the different types of skin.  Dermatologists generally divide skin types into six categories, from phototype 1 – fair skin that burns very easily in the sun and does not tan, to phototype 6, which is darker black skin that does not burn easily.  People with a darker complexion have more natural sun protection, and fair-skinned individuals are more susceptible to sun burn, skin cancer and photodamage. See our leaflet on ‘Skindex’ for more information.

The key character difference between black and white skin is that of melanin packaging and processing.  Naturally occurring biological agents in the skin absorb a proportion of UV irradiation, melanin being one of these. Melanin is a pigment molecule in the skin and is packaged slightly differently in people of different ethnic backgrounds. The type of melanin of all skin colours is eumelanin except for those with red hair and freckles, who have phaeomelanin, which is less well able to cope with UV irradiation.

If you tan very easily, as with black or Asian skin (e.g. types 5 and 6) you need less ultraviolet damage to initiate the tanning process. You do not need a sunscreen to stop skin cancer and skin ageing to the same extent as a fair skinned person, but sunscreen will still be needed during intense or prolonged exposure.
If you are of Mediterranean type skin (e.g. Type 4), you also tan easily, but you will need more ultraviolet to tan than lighter skins. You can still suffer from UV damage and although you are less likely to develop melanoma than skin types 1 to 3, your skin will age with sun exposure.
If you are very fair and cannot tan at all (e.g. Type 1), you will not tan with or without a sunscreen, but you will damage your skin badly if exposed without protection. You need to take particular care to regularly apply lots of high SPF sunscreen (i.e. 30 or above) with high UVA protection too. It is also important to remember to wear proectedtive clothing, such as long t-shirts, and spend time in the shade during the hottest parts of the day.

Recommendations regarding sun protection (e.g. clothing, shade and sunscreen) should be used in conjunction with the skin type guide. For example, the use of clothing and sunscreen applies to skin types I and II at all times in the sun, and to skin types V and VI during periods of prolonged or intense sun exposure. Darker skin types do not need to routinely use sunscreens.

Top sun safety tips

So, that’s it !! Tanning in a nutshell – so lets finish with a few tips to help you get a safe tan this summer.

  • Protect the skin with clothing, including a hat, t-shirt, sunglasses and sunscreen.
  • Spend time in the shade between 11am and 3pm when it’s sunny
  • Use a ‘high protection’ sunscreen of at least SPF 30 which also has high UVA protection, and make sure you apply it generously and frequently when in the sun.
  • The British Association of Dermatologists recommends that you tell your doctor about any changes to a mole – if your GP is concerned about your skin, make sure you see a Consultant Dermatologist (on the GMC register of specialists), the most expert person to diagnose a skin cancer. Your GP can refer you via the NHS.

Skin Care for all ages

skincare

One of the really nice things about running a social media group on Facebook and also my blog is that you get to interact with a wide range of people from a number of backgrounds.  All with different issues, constraints and questions.   It’s a lovely way to share knowledge, learn, test yourself and hopefully help some people along the way.

Take this weekend for example, I was running a question and answer session on skincare following an enquiry from an older member in the group.  Inevitably one of the younger girls felt this wasn’t an issue for her and wanted to steer the session in another direction towards her need, but with a little persuasion, we were all able to join in and talk skin care regimes, treatments and products for all ages and the benefits of starting sooner rather than later.

Take a look at where we got to and let me know what you think – does it fit in with your experiences ?  Perhaps I missed one of your favourites ?  Let me know !!! I’d love to hear from you !!!

 

15 to 25

When we’re young (yes I can remember…….) we’re predominantly concerned with spots. At this time, our skin regime is primarily concerned with controlling the bacteria and oiliness which leads to spots, rather than moisturising.  (Remembering the ingredients commonly used to treat spots can often lead to dryness)  If you have oily skin, you should look for products which contain an anti-bacterial ingredient.  Whereas if you’re suffer with drier skin you should choose a product with a low content of moisturiser so as not to block pores.  It’s also important to exfoliate regularly to help remove dead skin cells.

Another key feature of our skin regime when we’re younger is that it needs to be affordable. When I spoke to some teenage friends of mine, they explained that this was their most important feature in a product, over brand name or fancy advertising.  Denise explained “Affordable doesn’t mean cheap, it just means that I don’t want to pay more for the results I’m looking for”  Her preference is to cleanse with the Body shop Tea Tree facial wash, skip toning and to finish with a light moisturiser, her preference being  Moisture Match from Garnier .  She rounds off her routine by taking vitamins which contain Zinc Gluconate and Salicylic Acid, which help regulate the production of Sebum which is oily/way matter which lubricates and waterproofs the skin.  “Multi Vitamins are boring though” she says “So I look for Cereals which have these added as a supplement”

Denise’s favourite products are shown below which works out to about £12 per month (just click on an image to be taken to the site)

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25 to 40

Once we’ve passed out mid 20s, the bodies production of Sebum starts to slow down and with it, the first signs of skin aging appear.  Therefore at this our priority changes from controlling bacteria to protecting the skin and moisturising to help prevent aging.  The importance of cleansing becomes more significant in our regime too, as it can help maintain the skins moisture balance and PH level.   The initial “fine line and shallow wrinkles” of aging will tend to appear earlier if your lifestyle choices include smoking or regular sun bathing as well as diet choices and the regular intake of water.

Claire laughs when she tell me “Looking back, cleansing has now become a more regular part of my regime, I certainly don’t go to bed without taking my make up off any more !!” “I also take more care around of the area around my eyes, as I’ve noticed this area is different to the other areas on my face, its more delicate and needs a different cleanser. “  Claires preferences for skin care are below, why not check them out ?

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In addition to Claire’s choices, it’s important to keep up your exfoliation regime, because another tell tale sign of aging is an uneven dull skin tone which is caused by dead skin cells, particularly on the cheek and forehead areas. You may also find that using a primer and liquid foundation as opposed to a powder based foundation helps reduce the appearance of fine lines.  Two really good products to consider are

40-540-6

 

 

 

 

 

40 to 55

As Becky said to me recently when I was researching this article “Sweety, it’s not the years, it’s the mileage !” Scientifically speaking, what I think she meant was that at this time, we start to develop pre-menopausal skin, which is caused by a decline in the amount of oestrogen and elastin we produce.  Also, a decrease in Melanocytes leads to reduction in natural protection, which all combine to cause the skin to decrease in both thickness and suppleness.  The net effect is an increase in the skin becoming more susceptible to damage from the elements, in particular the sun and an increase in the signs of aging.

I’m not going to tell you which end of this age range I fit into (a girl has to have some secrets) but, in a nutshell, its all about moisturising, toning and exfoliating, with a little night cream thrown in too. My fave products to use are (You should try the Elizabeth Arden crème, as recommended to me by Zoe – its lovely !!!)

50-150-250-350-450-5

 

 

 

 

The reason why I take a vitamin supplement is that they help to strengthen and regenerate the skin as well as having anti-oxidant properties. All good to know !!!

55 and upwards

Speaking to Shirley, who proudly fits in the “Upwards” section of this range, she has found that as she has got older her skin has tended to become more sensitive. The science behind this sensitivity says that the skins metabolism slows down as the production of collagen and elastin reduces. Shirleys preference is therefore for Hypoallergenic products, ideally those which contain natural ingredients.  When I asked Shirley what was in her skin care locker, she told me “I love natural products and would be lost without my night cream too, but one of my favourite things to do is a body and face massage where my therapist uses an almond based oil which really helps with the dryness of my skin”

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Shirley also recommends using Jojoba oil instead of a crème at night which she finds helps seal in moisture.

 

 

Clean your makeup brushes !

WP2016_07_23_011Be honest, when was the last time you cleaned your makeup brushes ?  When I told Laura I was thinking about writing this, she confessed to me – “I don’t think I’ve ever even done that – I usually just throw them away……”

Does that sound like you ?  You can’t be as bad as Laura surely ?  (She even buys cheap brushes to make herself feel a little less bad when she throw them away)  But Laura aside, did you know how important it is to clean your makeup brushes regularly ?  Besides being a basic hygiene routine, leftover makeup in brushes particularly foundation, can be a cause of skin irritation leading to redness, stop you getting a matt smooth finish to your look and change the colour of what you’re applying.

Also, when you pay for quality in your tools, you want to look after them so they last, particularly those made from natural materials like fitch or squirrel (yes you read that right !!!)  so a regular cleaning regime not only protects your investment but helps to prevent them shedding bristles when you use them and keeps them soft and supple for the next application ensuring your makeup always looks flawless.

So why don’t we  clean them more often ?  Well, the most common reason my friends gave me was that “they didn’t have time”.  This was closely followed by “I find they lose shape if I clean them” and “they shed their bristles quickly if I clean them too often”.  All valid reasons, but if you follow my top tips below – you’ll find that it won’t take too long and you’ll keep your brushes in tip top shape !!!

  • After you’ve used them, spend a couple of minutes just wiping off any excess from the brush.  I personally use a tissue to do this, but one lady I spoke to suggested using a microfiber towel to do it as she felt it was more environmentally friendly.  Sounds like a good idea to me !!!  Remember natural hair brushes aren’t so porous as synthetic ones, so should release pigment a little easier, so you won’t need to work them too hard.
  • Next, like the photo shows, mist your brushes with a no rinse spray cleaner.  I personally use BeautySoClean Conditioning Brush Spray but there are a number of others out there.  Having just started as a makeup artist I can’t speak highly enough of this product, its an alcohol based cleaner which sanitizes the brush whose emollients keep the hairs soft between uses.
  • If you use natural brushes, deep clean them every 1-2 months with a gentle brush “shampoo”. A friend of mine uses Clean Apothecary Brush Shampoo which removes dirt, oil, makeup and bacteria—all without stripping your brushes !!!  I’ve included her tips for using below !
    • Gently moisten the bristles under lukewarm running water, making sure you angle the brush downwards to ensure the metal ferrule of the brush doesn’t get wet. (Water in the brush’s ferrule can lead to the glue holding the handle and the bristles together breaking down – Yuk !!!)
    • Give your brush a gentle “swoosh” across the your Brush Shampoo block to create a delicate lather. Easy !!!
    • Next, using the palm of your hand, ease the brush in gentle circles to create a foam, after a few short moments , you’ll begin to see makeup pigment release.  (Apparently, this is really relaxing too !!!)
    • After you see all the pigment release, rinse your brush just like you did in the first step, using your fingers to gently move the hair around  to ensure that all makeup and soap has been removed.
    • Once you’re done, squeeze out any excess water and place your brush in a Brush Guard.  If you’re on the move as often as I am, these guards are an absolute godsend for keeping your brushes in great condition – literally a must have !!!! These breathable mesh sleeves help to maintain your brush’s shape and keep bristles in like-new condition.
  • Lastly, allow your brushes to dry upside down overnight so that water doesn’t leak into the ferrule and loosen the bristles. The Benjabelle Brush Tree is absolutely perfect for this !!!!

Do you clean your brushes ?  How do you do it, do you have a routine ? I’d love to hear !!!

Lemon based skincare

lemon skincare

If you’re a girl who loves to use natural products in their beauty regime, then one of the products you can’t be without are lemons.  You know that old saying ? When life gives you lemons, make lemonade ?  Well, lemons are a great way to provide the daily amount of vitamin C needed for our body. They also have a high content of B vitamins, which facilitates the absorption of sugars from the body, prevents cardiovascular diseases and supports the mental balance.  They also contain many minerals such as phosphorus, copper, iron and magnesium which are rapidly absorbed by the body and helps strengthen the immune system.

Check out my top ten tips for ways to incorporate this fantastic, natural product into your regime !!!

For removing makeup – squeeze the juice of half a lemon and with it soak a cotton swab and clean the face. In addition, that it will clean your makeup, your face will get a fresh dose of vitamin C. Don’t forget to protect your eyes!

For dealing with dry skin – mix 3 tablespoons lemon juice, 3 tablespoons of honey and 1 tablespoon of cabbage (boiled and ground into paste – I know, it sounds icky !!!). Apply to the face and neck, stay for 10 minutes, then rinse with cold water.

If you have oily skin – mix half a tablespoon of turmeric powder, 2 tablespoons lemon juice and 3 tablespoons of ground papaya. Apply for 20 minutes and wash.

For white teeth and fresh breath – over the half of a lemon put a little salt and a pinch of baking soda. Rub in the teeth.

If you suffer with dandruff – mix the juice of one lemon with one egg white. Apply on your hair and leave for an hour. Do it for 1 month and you’ll be flake free !!!

For shiny hair – after shampooing, rinse your hair with lemon juice, without washout.  Smells gorgeous and adds a lovely shine !!!

For cracked lips – mix a tablespoon of cream, lemon juice and honey. Rub a little into your lips until you feel them tingle and then wash it off.

For lightening of the skin – mix equal quantities of tomato juice, lemon juice and milk. Apply for 10-15 minutes and rinse.  (I’ve not tried this one myself, so I’d love to hear from you if you give it a go !!!)

For refreshing the face –Mix the juice of an apple, pear, with a few drops of lemon juice.  This not only freshens the skin, but smells gorgeous – you can thank me later !!!

Care for the aging skin – mix one tablespoon of honey, 1 tablespoon lemon juice and 2 tablespoons almond oil. Apply on the skin and leave for 20 minutes before washing off – heavenly !!!

Younique highlighting – really !!!

Younique highlighterI’ve always been a little sceptical about highlighter as a product, preferring just a flat, neutral complexion, its always seemed to me that your face is shape it is (and probably born with) and that no amount of trickery with colours would be able to change that.

Add to that that one of my friends tends to wear it so that she can highlight her cleavage when she is wearing a low top dress, or even an open fronted one and you can see why it’s not really been high on my list of things to do or try………

That said though, with so many “beauty hacks” being published about highlighting this summer, I thought I’d give it a go and where better to start than this beauty pack ?  As you can see, it takes a lot of the guess work out of the process with the pictures that are included, comes with a handy, good quality mirror and best of all, as part of the May Kudos offer – also comes with the perfect makeup brush to help you make the most of your new gift !!

But how to use it ?  Well, It’s as easy as 1, 2, 3 !!! Read on !

 

 

 

We’re going to use the cream contour  to start with – so taking the angled end of your contour brush, apply the cream from the corner of your mouth up towardhighlight 1 your ear. This has the effect of drawing the eye down to your mouth and raising your cheekbones subtly.  Some ladies also like to go for a little “sculpting” around the sides of the nose,  (which helps make the bridge of the nose appear a little narrower) You can also apply a little to the tip of your nose, which will prepare it for the highlighting stage, helping light reflect off it, which can make it appear a little more “pointy”.  Be careful not to overdo your application in these areas though, otherwise you’ll end up with a heavy look which will look like you have over applied your concealer.  another favourite place for application is around the edges of the chin, which can give the effect of slimming your face by contouring around your hairline and below the jawline under your chin.  Blend all areas where you applied the Contour Cream using the angled end of your Contour Brush for a flawless finish.

 

highlight 2Next, we’re going to apply the highlighter powder (see how quick this is ?) You’re looking to apply the highlighter under your eye, the bridge of the nose, forehead, chin, and cheekbones.  This part is pretty tricky though – remember ladies, LESS is more !!! You can always add more powder if you need to later on……..

Its worth taking a little time with this step in my opinion and definitely worth practicing before you wear it out.  I’ve seen a few ladies over apply powder a couple of times, thinking it hasn’t gone on (particularly after applying the first one which is easier to see) If you find yourself in this position, taking it off is a little tricky but you can do it gently using a lint free cotton wool ball.  Don’t be tempted to work it in if you have over applied it – it will just make your foundation look weird and artificial.

highlight 3Now this last bit is going to seem a bit weird, particularly after you have gone to all the trouble to buy a proper highlighting kit and brush, but bear with me !!! The last powder in the kit to apply is the 3d cream (the one on the right) and its at this stage that you’ll get to see the benefits of all your work in stages one and two.  Using the pad of your index finger, you want to dab spots on all the bridge of the nose and around the edges of the eyes then carefully blend it in , up and down the nose and left to right around the eyes.  Using your finger might seem a little odd for this stage, but, the benefit of it is that it slightly warms the powder, which helps to work it in.

highlight 4
             Before – all products applied
highlight 5
                  After – all products blended

 

And that’s all there is to it – check out my other more detailed post about highlighting here if you would like to know more about the technique.  If you would like to buy some of Younique’s excellent Trio highlighter, you can get some here.

Alternatively, if you have another favourite product, why not let me know ? That’s what the comment section is for !!

Skincare for Eczema

Australian oilEver since my early teens, I’ve been used to regular eczema flare ups.  If you are too, I’m sure you’ll recognise these signs of a flare up, dryness, itching, scaling and even inflammation.  But, although my skincare routine is well established now (thankyou Beautyflapper) I’m always on the lookout for something new to try, especially if its a natural product and wont cause further flare ups !!

Earlier this month, a friend of mine told me about a product she had been using for a little while after being introduced to it by a friend.  I love getting these personal recommendations from friends.  Personal, honest and without a sales agenda, you can trust them and even better, see the results first hand !!!  So, what was this new product she had been using ?  Emu Oil…

I know, sounds icky right ?  Bare with me though !!

Emu Oil contains essential fatty acids such as Omega 3, 6 and 9 which have been shown to support cell growth and healing, making a great skincare routine for eczema. It also contains sterols, a natural anti-inflammatory which are very similar in composition to the fats in human skin, which help the oil be easily absorbed by the skin and penetrate deep into its layers making it an amazing skin moisturizer. Australian Emu oil

The product itself comes in two forms a dry oil and cream.  I got a sample of each product from Amazon.co.uk, the links for the each being at the bottom of the page.

I’ve mostly used the oil on my hands and shins, which is where my flare ups tend to be worst. It’s a light weight dry oil which absorbs super fast and being that it’s a dry oil, it leaves behind no oily residue. I have been using this directly on any flare-up and instantly the area is moisturized. I definitely noticed a reduction in inflammation on my shins and hands where my eczema is mainly present. Although it hasn’t cleared up the patches, (I have to say I didn’t expect it to) there has definitely significant improvement in the itchiness and dryness, which has helped me sleep through the night.

I’ve mostly used the cream as a night cream on my face, as I was a little nervous about putting the oil on it there, because of the strength of the product.  My face can easily react to new products with intense formulations and so I always find it best to err on the side of caution. In use, the cream isn’t too heavy to use and is easily absorbed and moisturises well, but leaves a bit more of a resdue than the oil.  After a week of use, I noticed an immediate plumping of my skin, which reduced the lines around my eyes.  Not bad for a first week and something I’ll definitely be using regularly.

You can view the products and reviews on Amazon, by looking at the below links

Emu Oil

Emu Cream

Happy beautyflapping !!!